Radioactive waste, which is commonly referred to as nuclear waste, is mainly generated during the operation of nuclear power plants and subsequently during their decommissioning. Research (and to a lesser extent industry and medicine) also generates radioactive waste.
Germany has decided to dispose of all types of radioactive waste deep underground. High demands are placed on the site selection, licensing, and operation of final repositories.
On the following pages you will find background information on: types of waste and how they are generated, treatment, packaging, and storage, container control, the actors and their responsibilities.
Types of waste and how they are generated
The use of radioactive materials for electricity production or in industry generates radioactive waste. It is differed into different types of waste.
Treatment, packaging, and storage
Radioactive waste must be pretreated and packed before it can be disposed of permanently.
Actors and responsibilities
Numerous actors with various responsibilities are involved in the disposal of radioactive waste. The most important actors are presented here.